Some diminutive colorectal polyps can be removed and discarded without pathological examination. Denis B, Bottlaender J, Weiss AM, Peter A, Breysacher G, Chiappa P, Perrin P. Endoscopy. 2011 Feb;43(2):81-6. Epub 2010 Nov 24. BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Pathological examination of colorectal polyps is useful if clinical management is affected (i. e. when invasive carcinoma is detected or postpolypectomy surveillance interval is guided). Our aim was to assess whether the pathological examination of some diminutive (measuring ≤ 5 mm) polyps can be omitted. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing a colonoscopy at Pasteur Hospital (Colmar, France) between January and August 2008 were included in this prospective study. Six senior gastroenterologists predicted the future surveillance interval without referring to the result of pathological examination. RESULTS: In all, 350 polyps from 175 patients were removed and analyzed. The endoscopist was able to predict the correct surveillance interval without referring to the result of pathological examination in 118 patients (67.4 %; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 60.5 – 74.4). The pathological examination of 18.4 % (95 % CI 13.7 – 23.1) of diminutive polyps either associated with a cancer or a polyp measuring ≥ 10 mm or removed in very old or frail patients could be omitted without any consequence for the patient. If diminutive polyps one or two in number were discarded without pathological examination in patients with a personal history of colorectal neoplasm, three patients out of 43 would have a 5-year instead of a 3-year surveillance interval. As a whole, if 44.1 % (95 % CI 38.0 – 50.1) of diminutive polyps were discarded, the surveillance interval would remain identical in 98.3 % (95 % CI 96.4 – 100) of patients.CONCLUSIONS: The pathological examination of up to 44 % of diminutive polyps (i. e. 33 % of all polyps), can be safely omitted. The pathological examination would be required only for those with suspicious gross appearance, those three or more in number, and those isolated one or two in number that are removed from people without personal history of colorectal neoplasm.