A practical scoring system for predicting cirrhosis in patients with chronic viral hepatitis.Cheong JY, Um SH, Seo YS, Shin SS, Park RW, Kim DJ, Hwang SG, Lee YJ, Cho M, Yang JM, Kim YB, Park YN. Hepatogastroenterology. 2012 Nov;59(120):2592-7. Background/Aims: The purpose of the current study was to develop a simple model for predicting cirrhosis in chronic viral hepatitis patients and to evaluate the usefulness of decision tree algorithms. Methodology: Serum markers of fibrosis were compared with the stage of fibrosis in liver biopsy specimens prospectively obtained from 526 subjects with chronic HBV and HCV infections (estimation set, 367; validation set, 159). Results: Univariate analysis revealed that age, bilirubin, platelet count, APRI, ALP, hyaluronic acid (HA), α2-macroglobulin, MMP-2, TIMP-1, and procollagen III N-terminal peptide (PIIINP) were significantly different between patients with (F4) and without cirrhosis (F0123). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified platelet count, HA and PIIINP as independent predictors of cirrhosis. We categorized the individual variable into the most appropriate cut-off value by calculating the likelihood ratio for predicting cirrhosis and constructed a score system expressed by the following simple formula: PHP index = platelet score + HA score + PIIINP score. For predicting cirrhosis, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.824 and 0.759 in the estimation and validation set, respectively. Using a cut-off score of 4, the presence of cirrhosis was predicted with high accuracy. The diagnostic performance of the PHP index was similar to decision tree algorithms (AUROC=0.819) for predicting liver cirrhosis, but more useful in clinical situations. Conclusions: Compared to a decision tree model, a simple score system using a categorized value based on a combination of platelet count, HA and PIIINP identified patients with liver cirrhosis with a higher clinical usability.