International multicenter experience with peroral endoscopic myotomy for the treatment of spastic esophageal disorders refractory to medical therapy (with video).Khashab MA, Messallam AA, Onimaru M, Teitelbaum EN, Ujiki MB, Gitelis ME, Modayil RJ, Hungness E3, Stavropoulos SN, El Zein MH, Shiwaku H, Kunda R, Repici A, Minami H, Chiu PW, Ponsky J, Kumbhari V, Saxena P, Maydeo AP, Inoue H. Gastrointest Endosc. 2015 Jan 26. [Epub ahead of print]
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the use of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for therapy of spastic esophageal disorders (SEDs).OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy and safety of POEM for the treatment of patients with diffuse esophageal spasm, jackhammer esophagus, or type III (spastic) achalasia.
DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: International, multicenter, academic institutions. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent POEM for treatment of SEDs refractory to medical therapy at 11 centers were included. INTERVENTIONS: POEM. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Eckardt score and adverse events. RESULTS: A total of 73 patients underwent POEM for treatment of SEDs (diffuse esophageal spasm 9, jackhammer esophagus 10, spastic achalasia 54). POEM was successfully completed in all patients, with a mean procedural time of 118 minutes. The mean length of the submucosal tunnel was 19 cm, and the mean myotomy length was 16 cm. A total of 8 adverse events (11%) occurred, with 5 rated as mild, 3 moderate, and 0 severe. The mean length of hospital stay was 3.4 days. There was a significant decrease in Eckardt scores after POEM (6.71 vs 1.13; P = .0001). Overall, clinical response was observed in 93% of patients during a mean follow-up of 234 days. Chest pain significantly improved in 87% of patients who reported chest pain before POEM. Repeat manometry after POEM was available in 44 patients and showed resolution of initial manometric abnormalities in all cases. LIMITATIONS: Retrospective design and selection bias. CONCLUSION: POEM offers a logical therapeutic modality for patients with SEDs refractory to medical therapy. Results from this international study suggest POEM as an effective and safe platform for these patients. Leggi l’articolo