Prognostic Validity of the American Joint Committee on Cancer and the European Neuroendocrine Tumors Staging Classifications for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Retrospective Nationwide Multicenter Study in South Korea.Cho JH1, Ryu JK, Song SY, Hwang JH, Lee DK, Woo SM, Joo YE, Jeong S, Lee SO, Park BK, Cheon YK, Han J, Kim TN, Lee JK, Moon SH, Kim H, Park ET, Hwang JC, Kim TH, Jeon TJ, Cho CM, Choi HS, Lee WJ. Pancreas. 2016 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]
OBJECTIVES:Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are diverse diseases with different prognosis. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) introduced 2 different tumor node metastasis (TNM) stages, and the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed WHO 2010 grading system for pNETs. Therefore, we aimed to validate the prognostic relevance of these 3 systems for pNETs in South Korea.
METHODS:The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer created a retrospective registry of pNETs in 153 patients from 15 hospitals between 2002 and 2012.RESULTS:On the basis of the WHO 2010 grade, 2-year progression-free-survival (PFS) rates for G1, G2, and G3 were 92%, 62%, and 25% (P < 0.01). According to ENETS and AJCC staging, 2-year PFS rates for stages I through IV were 94%, 87%, 49%, 20%, and 92%, 61%, 60%, 20%, respectively (P < 0.01). A Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed that the only statistically significant prognostic factor was the TNM classification of either the AJCC or the ENETS stage (P < 0.01). In addition, the κ value between the AJCC and the ENETS stages was 0.46 indicating a “moderate” agreement (P < 0.01).CONCLUSIONS:The AJCC and ENETS TNM classifications for pNETs are prognostic for PFS and can be adopted in clinical practice in South Korea.Leggi l’articolo